人教版高中英语选修十 Unit 5 Enjoying novels Reading 阅读朗读

人教版高中英语选修十 Unit 5 Enjoying novels Reading 阅读朗读
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THE RISE OF ENGLISH AUTHORESSES IN THE 19TH CENTURY

Can you believe that there used to be a consensus in society that opposed the writing of novels by authoresses? Clearly this restriction must have operated at a time when there was no equality of opportunity for women. Perhaps you think that discrimination of this kind was in force a very long time ago because after all. it is a very old-fashioned idea. But you would be wrong. because it was a generally held view only one hundred years ago in England. Even so there is another twist to this story. In a strange contradiction, this period produced five of the most courageous and gifted authoresses. Those who got round this ban were: Jane Austen. the three Bronte sisters(Charlotte, Emily and Anne), and the writer known as George Eliot.


 
Jane Austen (1775-1817) was the first of these great women writers. She produced six completed novels. all of which deal with the problems and limitations of womens choices. At this time the only respectable career for a woman was to marry, so the dilemma of her heroines was also to marry but for love. Her most popular novel has always been Pride and Prejudice. In this story we follow the lives of five sisters as they overcome obstacles to their happiness and marriage until all is happily resolved. But the appeal of Janes work was not in its content alone. It was also in her refreshingly light and ironic style, evident from the first sentence of the novel:
" Everone knows that a single man with a fortune must  in want of a wife."
As readers, we know that this sentence is not really true but it represents the opinions of all mothers who have daughters to marry. It is making fun of those mothers whose only wish is to marry their daughters well.
After Jane Austen authoresses found it an even more hopeless task to publish novels under their own names. So they chose to publish their works using men'smames The three Bronte sisters adopting
this practice. Mary Ann Evans did the same and wrote under the name of George Eliot. Sceptical reviewers did not see through this deception and gave their approval to their work.


 
Charlotte Brontë (1816-1855) was the most am of the three Bronte sisters. Her novels were revolutionary for the explicit way they described women struggling against their restricted roles in society. Her heroines are outspoken in expressing their feelings, while demonstrating honesty and conscience in their choices. Her most famous book, Jane Eyre, deseribes the growth of a poor, abused heroine with an unhappy childhood through to a mature person who finds eventual happiness after many struggles and disappointments. Being immediately hailed as "The masterwork of a great genius."  Jane Eyre became a great success. The book was a revelation after the more reserved feelings expressed  in Jane Austen's novels.


 
The fifth premier authoress of this period was George Eliot(1819-1880). Her novels examined the morally ambiguous concessions people make in their lives in order to succeed. In one of her books, Silas Marner, the hero, discovers a little girl whom he takes in to live with him. Her own father has already rejected her, because he fears he would lose his second wifes love if he acknowledges her -a mistake for which the couple both suffer.
With the 19th century being regarded as one of great women writers, there were also some excellent male authors. Among them Charles Dicken (1812-1870) stands out as a literary critic of the injustices of his society. His novels describe the hardships of poor people who did not possess money or a sponsor to smooth their path. In David Copperfield, the hero experiences suffering before he meets his eccentric, kind and tolerant aunt, Betsy Trotwood. David benefits from her truly generous nature, and owes his education, wealth and happiness to her care. Charles Dickens is today confirmed as one of the great writers of the 19th century. Although his output was greater than any of the authoresses mentioned above, his impact was not greater than theirs. These women having produced works of the highest quality. Any survey of the 19th century English literature nust include them.
 
19世纪英国女作家的崛起

你能相信过去社会上有一种反对女作家写小说的共识吗?显然,这一限制必须在妇女机会不平等的时候实施。也许你认为这种歧视在很久以前就已经生效了,因为毕竟。这是一个非常过时的想法。但你错了。因为一百年前在英国这是一种普遍的观点。即便如此,这个故事还有另一个转折点。在一个奇怪的矛盾中,这一时期产生了五位最勇敢、最有天赋的女作家。那些绕过禁令的人是:简·奥斯汀。勃朗特三姐妹(夏洛特、艾米莉和安妮)和作家乔治·艾略特。

简·奥斯汀(1775-1817)是第一位伟大的女作家。她完成了六部小说。所有这些都涉及到女性选择的问题和局限性。在这个时候,女人唯一受人尊敬的职业就是结婚,所以女主人公的困境也是为了爱情而结婚。她最受欢迎的小说一直是《傲慢与偏见》。在这个故事中,我们跟随五姐妹的生活,她们克服了阻碍幸福和婚姻的障碍,直到一切都愉快地解决。但珍妮丝作品的魅力不仅仅在于内容。从小说的第一句话就可以看出,这也是她令人耳目一新的轻松和讽刺的风格:
“每个人都知道,一个身强力壮的单身汉一定要娶一个妻子。”
作为读者,我们知道这句话不是真的,但它代表了所有有女儿要结婚的母亲的观点。这是在取笑那些只希望女儿嫁得好的母亲。
在简·奥斯汀之后,女作家们发现用自己的名字出版小说是一项更无希望的任务。所以他们选择用勃朗特三姐妹收养的男人的名字来出版他们的作品
这种做法。玛丽·安·埃文斯也这样做了,并以乔治·艾略特的名字写作。持怀疑态度的评论家没有看穿这种欺骗,对他们的工作表示赞同。

夏洛特·勃朗特(1816-1855)是勃朗特三姐妹中最具代表性的一位,她的小说以直白的方式描写了在社会中与自己的局限角色抗争的女性,具有革命性的意义。她的女主人公直言不讳地表达自己的感情,同时在选择时表现出诚实和良知。她最著名的书《简爱》描述了一个贫穷、受虐待的女主人公从一个不幸的童年成长为一个成熟的人,在经历了许多挣扎和失望之后最终找到了幸福。《简爱》立即被誉为“伟大天才的杰作”,获得了巨大的成功。这本书是继简·奥斯汀的小说中表现出更多含蓄情感之后的又一次启示。

这一时期的第五位女作家是乔治·艾略特(1819-1880),她的小说考察了人们为了成功而在道德上做出的模棱两可的让步。在她的一本书中,主人公塞拉斯·马纳发现了一个小女孩,他带她和他住在一起。她自己的父亲已经拒绝了她,因为他担心如果他承认她,他会失去他的第二任妻子的爱-这是一个错误,夫妻双方都遭受。
随着19世纪被誉为伟大的女作家之一,也出现了一些优秀的男作家。其中,查尔斯·狄更斯(1812-1870)是一位杰出的文学评论家,他对社会中的不公正现象进行了批判,他的小说描写了穷人的苦难,他们没有钱,也没有资助他们走上平坦的道路。在《大卫·科波菲尔》中,主人公在遇到他古怪、善良、宽容的姑姑贝琪·特洛伍德之前经历了苦难。大卫得益于她真正慷慨的天性,他的教育、财富和幸福都归功于她的关心。查尔斯·狄更斯今天被确认为19世纪的伟大作家之一。虽然他的作品比上述任何一位女作家都要多,但他的影响并不比她们大。这些妇女创作了最高质量的作品。任何对19世纪英国文学的调查都不能包括它们。

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