人教版高中英语必修一 Unit 1 Friendship Workbook Reading task 

人教版高中英语必修一 Unit 1 Friendship Workbook Reading task 
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FRIENDSHIP IN HAWAII
     Every culture has its own ways to show friendship. On the islands of Hawaii, friendship is part of the "aloha spirit". In the language of the Hawaiians who first settled the islands long ago, aloha had a very special meaning. That is "to be with happiness".
     Hawaiians believe that once somebody loves the land, they are ready to love their people or community. This is the second most important sign of friendship. It is called lokahi in the Hawaiian language, which means "oneness with all people". To enjoy the land you should not be selfish. The land is for everyone who lives on it. Today many different peoples call Hawaii their home. Indeed,Hawaii is a place where people make one big community from many smaller communities. Each person gives kokua (help) to other people so that all feel stronger. It is believed that the islands can be a paradise when people live in peace. People are told that their actions should be as gentle as the wind that blows from the sea. When problems happen, people are asked to solve them with understanding. So when the people of Hawaii talk about ohana (family), they are really talking about all those who live on the islands.
     Living in peace, Hawaiians have developed a third sign of friendship. This personal friendship is shown by giving leis to one another. The lei, a string of flowers, is put over a friend's neck. Then the friend is given a kiss on the cheek. Visitors to the islands are also given leis. When they hear aloha, visitors begin to feel at home. Aloha also means "goodbye", so visitors will hear it again when they leave. It can also mean "our hearts singing together". Perhaps this is how most visitors will remember their new friendship.

每一种文化都有它独特的方式来表达友谊。在夏威夷岛上,友谊是“aloha精神”(可以翻译成阿罗哈精神)的一部分。在最早在岛上定居下来的夏威夷人的语言里,aloha有很特别的意义,那就是:与幸福同在。
夏威夷人相信,一旦有人爱上这片土地,他们就准备好了去爱这里的人们和社会。这是友谊的第二重要象征。它在夏威夷语中被称为lokahi,意思是:一个人和所有人在一起。要热爱这片土地,你不应该自私。这片土地是给所有居住在其中的人们的。今天,有很多不同的人称呼夏威夷岛是他们的家。事实上,夏威夷是一个人们把小团体改变成大团体的地方。每个人都会为他人提供帮助,所有所有人都感觉到强大的力量。被相信的是,当人们生活在和平中,这个岛就会成为人间天堂。人们被告知,他们的举止应该像从海上吹来的风一样温柔。当有问题发生,人们被要求用理解去解决问题。所以,当夏威夷人谈论家人的时候,他们也准备好谈论岛上居住的任何人。
在和平中生活,夏威夷人为友谊发展了第三个象征。个人友谊的表现是通过互送一种叫做Lei的花。Lei是一个花环,戴在朋友的脖子上,然后在朋友的脸颊上亲吻一下。凡是到岛上来的人,都会被送Lei.当他们听到“aloha”,游客就会感觉像在家一样。Aloha 也有再见的意思,所以当游客离开岛上的时候,也会听到这个词。Aloha也可以表示:我们的心一起歌唱。也许这是大多数游客记住他们的新友谊的方式。

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